Results just published from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (Boston, USA), suggest that skipping breakfast is associated with a moderate and significant increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in men.
For this study, the eating habits of 26,902 middle to older age male health professionals were assessed in 1992 and their health trajectories were followed up to 2008. Using multivariate analyses adjusted for known and suspected risk factors for CHD, the increased risk of CHD in men who did not eat breakfast was 27% (RR 1.27; 95%CI 1.06-1.53).
Randomised trials have shown that no breakfast impairs serum lipids and postprandial insulin sensitivity which are implicated in chronic disease development. Further adjusted analyses in this Boston study indicate that the increased risk was mediated by diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
Tips for a healthy quick breakfast from the CSIRO total well-being diet:
- Start most days with a high-fibre cereal, reduced-fat milk and a piece of fruit.
- With more time try a mixed berry smoothie. Blend 1/2 cup reduced-fat milk, 100g reduced-fat vanilla yoghurt, 1/2 cups frozen mixed berries, 1/2 tablespoon unprocessed bran.