This site has moved – Redirecting…

In the final GFAR blog of 2018, we continue to look back into highlights of our research activities, staff and student contributions, contributions to development of policy of GFAR researchers through the blogs we have shared this year from July to December.

Galip Nut in ‘Fresh Produce’ section

July kicked off with the commercialisation of Galip Nut in Papua New Guinea. Commercialisation of the Galip Nut has provided positive substantial benefits to the local economy in PNG. Women conduct the majority of the Canarium tree growing and trading activities, including nut collection, cracking, drying and selling. The project centred at the NARI pilot plant in Kerevat East New Britain (ENB) has contributed to the development of value added technologies that will enable efficient and safe processing of nuts with resulting increase in productivity.  This project has taken a whole of value-chain approach, and offered a range of interventions such as market research, technical advice, capacity building, business mentoring and access to infrastructure for both private and public sector stakeholders.

Dr. Alec Zuo, Prof. Wendy Umberger, Mr. David Ironside, and Prof. Sarah Wheeler

In July, GFAR researchers Dr. Alec Zuo, Prof. Wendy Umberger, Prof. Sarah Wheeler and Dr. David Adamson met with Mr. David Ironside, Assistant Secretary, Plant Export Operations, Biosecurity Plant Division, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (DAWR) to discuss a new project titled “Understanding parallel trade of Australian products to China” under the Agricultural Trade and Market Cooperation (ATMAC) program funded by the DAWR. The project is looking at alternative export pathways to the Chinese market for Australian fresh produce. In particular the profile of Chinese buyers of Australian products will be created for the first time using a unique large industry dataset, in terms of geographic location, age and gender.

Prof. Peter Rathjen, Vice-Chancellor and President, University of Adelaide

GFAR hosted the Agribusiness Advisory Board Forum on ‘Profitable Agribusiness: Key drivers, constraints and the role of University of Adelaide’. The idea behind the forum was to hear views of key guests on the future of agribusiness and implications for university and government. Industry leaders from South Australia were also invited to speak at the forum. Some of the key issues discussed in the forum were on challenges relating to the need to constantly reduce operating costs to be viable for small and medium sized agribusinesses. How can research in areas like value chain analyses, affordable mechanisation and lean manufacturing techniques help in dealing with these challenges. The challenge of finding good people with the skills for constantly evolving businesses is always a major one. How can educational programs like the ones offered through GFAR provide the industry with graduates that have skills required by the industry? In addition to these issues, other aspects of continued collaboration with the industry through sustenance and development of comprehensive internship programs and access to university expertise for industry were discussed at the forum.

From left to right: Rida, Prof. Wendy Umberger, Prof. Sarah Wheeler, Jack Hetherington, and Rohan Yargop at the Crawford Fund Conference

August was all about conferences! Rida Akzar, a PhD student at GFAR was awarded a scholarship to attend the 2018 annual Crawford Fund Conference. The theme for this year’s conference was ‘Reshaping Agriculture for Better Nutrition – The Agriculture, Food, Nutrition, and Health Nexus’. Rida was one of the 44 young scholars chosen from across Australia after a competitive selection process to attend the conference. The conference was held in The Parliament House in Canberra from 13th to 15th August 2018.

Rio Maligalig during her presentation at ICAE

GFAR researcher Rio Maligalig and PhD Student Phassara Khamthara presented at the 30th International Conference of Agricultural Economists (ICAE) which was held in  Vancouver, Canada from 28th July to 2nd August 2018. ICAE is the flagship conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) and is held every three years. The theme of this year’s conference was “New Landscapes and New Mandates for Agriculture”. Rio Maligalig presented her paper in this category under the Data and Methods and Price Analysis session. The title of the paper was “Farmer preferences for rice varietal trait improvements in Nueva Ecija, Philippines: A latent class cluster approach” co-authored by Prof. Wendy Umberger, Dr. Alexandra Peralta and Dr. Matty Demont from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Phassara Khamthara presented her paper “Horticultural Development and Its Welfare Implications on Household Education Investment in Indonesia” co-authored by Dr. Di Zeng and Prof. Randy Stringer, under the visual contributed paper session “Household economics and Food waste”.

Giancarlo, Edward and James at the IFAMA 2018 conference

In August, we reported on our Master of Agribusiness (MAB) students Edward Fowler, Giancarlo Cassinelli and James Mumford who travelled to Argentina to participate in the case study competition of the 2018 International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA) annual conference. This year’s case study was titled “Food Chain Partnership: Developing neglected and underutilised species through Shared Value Initiatives” and focused on the Bambara Groundnut Project in Indonesia – a real life collaborative partnership between Bayer and NGO Plant Breeders Without Borders. The paper explored the concepts of shared value and student teams were instructed to present a 15-minute presentation on the value chain and why Bayer should partner with the NGO. Although the students did not proceed to the final round, it was an invaluable experience competing on the world stage, putting into practice what they had learned through the Master’s program as well as crucial skills such as critical thinking and presentation ability. A highlight for our students was meeting 22 other student teams from around the world.

GFAR Associate Director, Craig Johns with the group of women after the training workshop

In August, Craig Johns travelled to Fiji to conduct practical workshops in municipal markets and small communities across the island of Vanua Levu in Fiji. The training program contained a number of sessions over the course of a full day, covering the important topics of food safety, food value adding and value chain business skills for selling into new markets. The audience was predominantly women who had sacrificed their daily earnings behind the counter of their fresh produce market stall to come along and learn how to reduce their food waste, produce new, safe, value added food products and better understand their business and the costs of the products they sell. Initially designed for groups of 35, the strong demand saw the rooms swell to their capacity of more than 40, resulting in extra sessions being added to the program. In addition to the enthusiasm displayed during the sessions, subsequent messages of thanks were also received advising that some of the women have already started making jam and chutney products of their own with the intention of testing them in their own market stalls before they investigate opportunities to sell into some of the smaller hotels in town.

The research team with coffee growers

In September, GFAR researchers Dr. Daniel Gregg and Prof. Randy Stringer  spent some time in Uganda to run coffee picker contracting experiments  and identify efficient methods to assess quality of coffee cherries. The aim of the coffee picker contracting experiments was to find labour contracts, which are efficient, in that they generate incentives for picking high quality cherries only, and fair, in that they provide pickers with more income than in the normal case. GFAR researcher Alexandra Peralta also visited Uganda with colleagues from the Michigan State University to conduct field experiments for the ACIAR  project on ‘Developing value chain innovation platforms to improve food security in East and Southern Africa’. With the help of our local partners at Makerere University – Prossy Isubikalu and brilliant master students, Kapchowra District Landcare Chapter (KADLACC), local enumerators, and Cansin Arslan, a PhD student at the University of Gottingen, 10 sessions of trust games were implemented, together with a risk game and a dictator game, with farmers and traders from the Mt Elgon region in Uganda. The objective was to measure trust experimentally and use results to help design interventions aimed at improving trust among value chain actors.

GFAR Associate Director of Research Prof. Sarah Wheeler  was one of 11 scientists and economists who published a paper in the prestigious Science Journal on ‘The Paradox of Irrigation Efficiency- higher efficiency rarely reduces water consumption’.  The lead author of the paper is Prof. Quentin Grafton of Australian National University. The paper discusses the fact that concept of irrigation efficiency (volume of all irrigation water beneficially used on the field to the total volume of irrigation water applied) which provides benefits to irrigators, however, fails to deliver public good benefits of increased water availability. The paper argues that irrigation efficiency measures must be accompanied by strong water accounting and measurements, a cap on extractions, an assessment of uncertainties, the valuation of trade-offs, and enhanced understanding of the incentives and behaviour of irrigators.

Participants of the Indodairy Policy Roundtable Discussion

In October, GFAR researchers Jack Hetherington and Prof. Wendy Umberger travelled to Indonesia for the IndoDairy Policy Roundtable Discussion where results from the key activities of the project which include implementation of a dairy farm household survey, value chain analysis of dairy value chains in West Java and North Sumatra, review of existing policies for the dairy sector in Indonesia and guidelines and opportunities of heifer importation from Australia to Indonesia were shared with policy makers from the Indonesian Government. Key Indonesian government officials attended the policy roundtable from the Ministry of Coordinating Economic Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Livestock and Animal Health, Ministry of Cooperatives and small to medium enterprises and key members of the IndoDairy project team.

Rio Maligalig during her presentation at the IRC2018

GFAR researcher, Rio Maligalig, participated in the 5th International Rice Congress (IRC2018) held in Singapore from 15 to 17 October 2018. The congress is held every four years and is the world’s largest gathering of scientists, researchers, industry experts and players in the rice sector. The theme of this year’s congress was “Transformative Science for Food and Nutrition Security”. Rio presented her paper in the IRRC 2018 under the theme “Social inclusion and gender equality”. The paper, co-authored with Prof. Wendy Umberger, Dr. Alexandra Peralta and Dr. Matty Demont (International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Senior Economist), examined intrahousehold decision making on investment in rice breeding for future rice varietal trait improvements using the Investment Game Application (IGA) developed at IRRI.

Each year The Australian Farm Institute hosts a Roundtable conference with a topical theme. This year the conference was held at the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra on Tuesday 16 October with the theme “Evidence meets emotion”. This theme follows on from their John Ralph Essay competition earlier in the year on the topic “society should determine the right to farm”. Nikki Dumbrell attended the conference and also participated in the essay competition in which she stood runner-up. The essay competition and conference were both designed following recognition of the importance of the community and consumers exerting influence on the actions and behaviours farmers are allowed to take on farm and the decisions they make regarding where to sell their produce. A term commonly used to refer to ongoing acceptance of actions or behaviours by local communities and stakeholders is the ‘social licence to operate’.

RAID Workshop Participants

In October GFAR PhD students got the opportunity to learn the ropes of leadership and management in international R4D. The workshop was organised by Researchers in Agriculture for International Development (RAID) and The Crawford Fund. The two and a half day workshop was aimed at presenting participants tools related to managing and leading in the context of agricultural research for international development. The workshop and the panel session provided our students with new skills to better ‘navigate’ their professional environment. In addition, it was a valuable chance to get to know researchers from other institutions and outside academia, to share their thoughts and current activities with them.

Researchers at the Centre for Global Food and Resources (GFAR) are involved in a multidisciplinary research-for-development project improving the profitability and sustainability of smallholder vegetable farms in the north-west (NW) of Vietnam. Some of the results and impacts from the project have been captured in a short film .

We ended the year on a high note at GFAR with the launch of our first MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) on “Understanding Agribusiness, Value Chains, and Consumers in Global Food Systems”. The course looked at what sets agribusiness apart from other business sectors and the difference between supply chain and value chain thinking. It explored the concept of agrifood markets and the distinctive factors that influence them. There was a focus on the role that consumers play in the value chain – why they make the food choices they do and what changing food demand means for agribusiness. This course showcased Australian agribusinesses, providing genuine insights into the concepts discussed. More than 3000 students from more than 156 countries participated in this online course which concluded recently on 13th December 2018.

We are thankful to our regular contributors and readers of our blog series. We wish you a happy and safe holiday season and look forward to bringing you more exciting stories from GFAR in 2019!


Posted in conference, Partnership, Research, Staff news, Student experiences, Student's contribution, Study, Trip, workshop | Tagged , , , , , , , ,
Comments Off on recapping 2018- part two

2018 is soon drawing to a close. In today’s blog, we look back at our research activities both those of staff and students, contributions to development of policy GFAR researchers have made, as shared through our blogs this year from January to June.

In January, we wrote about the water crisis in Cape Town where April 21, 2018 was the ‘Day Zero’ when the city would run out of all water resources at its disposal and the 4 million residents would have to line up at one of the 200 distribution centres to collect their allocated 25 litres/day. Fortunately, the ‘Day Zero’ has been pushed back to 2019 as rainfall has helped fills dams around the city, however the water crisis in Cape Town is far from over.

GFAR team at 2018 Annual AARES Conference

February was busy for us at GFAR as Adelaide hosted the 2018 Annual Australasian Agriculture and Resource Economics Society (AARES) conference from 6th to 9th February at the Adelaide Convention Centre. This year, the conference theme was: Abundance in an Era of Scarcity? Challenges and Opportunities for Australasian Agriculture, Environment, Food, Resources and Agribusiness. More than 300 conference delegates from around Australia and the world attended the conference! A number of GFAR PhD students and researchers presented papers at the conference. The 2019 annual AARES Conference will be held in Melbourne from 12th to 15th February 2019 at the Melbourne Convention Centre.

Cassie Hough, ABC Rural interviewing Dr Tran Minh Tien, Deputy Director of the Soil and Fertiliser Research Institute in Hanoi, Vietnam, in a field in Bac Ha District, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam.

In the month of March, for a story on International Women’s Day Cassie Hough of ABC Rural travelled to Vietnam with GFAR researcher and PhD student Nikki Dumbrell to capture stories and experiences of project researchers and farmers from the project titled “Towards more profitable and sustainable vegetable systems in North Vietnam”.

A farmer with his Happy Seeder machine in Punjab, India

The month of March also saw a GFAR research team comprising of Dr. Adam Loch, Dr. Jay Cummins and Rohan Yargop visiting India and Bangladesh to conduct a value chain analysis study and to initiate data collection from farm households to identify what constraints farmers are facing in adoption of zero tillage technologies; especially the Happy Seeder. The project wrapped up later in September 2018, the final report can be accessed here.

Workshop participants from University of Indonesia, the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), University of New England, and FOERDIA

In March, GFAR initiated a new research project (2018-2021) titled ‘Agricultural Policy Research to Support Natural Resource Management in Indonesia’s Upland Landscapes’, also known as “IndoGreen”. IndoGreen is funded by Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and implemented in collaboration with national partners in Indonesia, the Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio-Economic and Policy Studies (ICASEPS) of the Ministry of Agriculture, The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), and the World Wildlife Fund. The project aims to provide evidence-based recommendations on policy, for promoting environmentally sound farming practices in Indonesia’s upland area.

April kicked off with a great achievement of one of our alumna from Indonesia, Sahara Djaenudin who was appointed as Head of School of Economics of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) in Bogor, Indonesia. IPB is one of our key partners for the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) funded “IndoDairy”  project.

In April, for a project focusing on developing value chain innovation platforms to improve food security in East and Southern Africa, funded by Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), we collaborated with Monastery Coffee to link coffee growers in Uganda to the high-end markets in countries like Australia. Monastery Coffee is a small batch, specialty coffee roaster based in Adelaide. GFAR researchers Prof. Randy Stringer and Dr. Daniel Gregg invited Adam Marley of Monastery Coffee to visit Uganda to interact with the coffee growers and evaluate potential opportunities for sourcing the coffee for their customers in Australia. The result of this collaboration has been the introduction of a specialty grade coffee in the Australian market through Monastery Coffee. This has helped smallholder coffee producers get access to high value markets. Dr. Prossy Isubikalu of Makerere University, a key project partner in Uganda, recently visited GFAR as a John Dillon Fellow of ACIAR and updated on current progress of this project.

GFAR Master’s graduates with Prof. Wendy Umberger and Dr. Alexandra Peralta

Graduations are always a special time for us at GFAR. In May we celebrated the achievements of 13 such graduates, 11 from our flagship Master of Global Food and Agricultural Business (MGFAB) program and 2 from our PhD program.

Craig Johns and Theo Simos at the Galip Nut launch event

It is not every day you get to launch a new food product, particularly when it is the culmination of years of research and strong multidisciplinary collaboration across two countries. Well, this is what happened in Papua New Guinea in May. The Galip Nut is an indigenous nut, which has strong traditional connections to the country, and has been used as a shade tree within agroforestry systems for cocoa production. While the nut has been traded between villages and through municipal markets for many decades, this was the first time the nut was commercially processed for a modern retail market. Theo Simos from GFAR has been instrumental in getting this product to market. The commercialisation of this indigenous nut has been the result of an Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)  funded project titled ‘Enhancing value added products and environmental benefits from agroforestry systems in Papua New Guinea and the Pacific. The three new Galip products; Natural, Roasted and Peeled have since been on sale in leading East New Britain supermarkets and hotels with a further launch and expanded distribution planned for more markets and export later in the year.

Nikki Dumbrell (left) and Wendy Umberger (right) with Taste of Australia ambassador Luke Nguyen.

In June, we reported on GFAR researchers Prof. Wendy Umberger and Nikki Dumbrell ’s trip to Vietnam where they attended a project review workshop for the project “Towards more profitable and sustainable vegetable farming systems in north-western Vietnam”. The impact of this project was recently captured in a film which can be found here.

In June, Prof. Sarah WheelerDr. David Adamson and Dr. Adam Loch were invited to have a meeting with the Senior Council of the Murray-Darling Royal Commission.  During that meeting they were subsequently asked to have an interview with the Commissioner Bret Walker and provide formal evidence for the Royal Commission into the Murray-Darling Basin Plan at the Adelaide Town Hall. Their evidence covered data and findings from several joint-authored papers that relate to the Commission’s matters, and opinion on third-party assessments of Basin Plan impacts.

We will continue to look back at 2018, in our next week’s blog post.


Posted in Alumni, Awards, conference, Current issues, Partnership, Research, Staff news, Trip, workshop | Tagged , , , , , , , ,
Comments Off on recapping 2018 – Part one

Centre for Global Food and Resources (GFAR) Associate Director of Agribusiness Innovation, Mr. Craig Johns recently visited Nepal for the inception meeting of a new project on forestry management. Craig narrates his experience in this blog.

What a fascinating country Nepal is! While this was my first trip into Nepal, I am joining a dedicated team looking to expand on the successful outcomes of a previous forestry project. The new Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) project entitled ‘Enhancing livelihoods from improved forest management in Nepal’ or ‘EnLiFT2’ for short, is led by Dr. Ian Nuberg of School of Agriculture, Food and Wine and draws on research skills from across 3 faculties of the University of Adelaide , University of New South Wales and includes a host of inspiring in country Nepal based partners. The project has three core areas of research covering the silvicultural techniques required to manage the forests, the planning and governance systems to balance livelihood, social and environmental needs and the forest enterprise models to enhance the benefits all the way along the value chain. While I’ll be focusing my efforts mainly on the third area, the theme of the inception meeting last week was very much around the collaborative nature of this project and how all 3 areas of research will work together towards a common goal.

Project team from ACIAR, University of Adelaide, University of NSW and ForestAction

As a bit of background, the Middle Hills of Nepal are home to 44% of the country’s population, of which 66% derive their livelihood from a combination of agriculture and forest products. Under the Nepal Forestry Program, 25% of forest land has been handed over to 19,000 Community Forest User Groups (CFUG’s). During this trip I was able to meet with the leaders of one of these community groups and was very impressed with their operation. They manage a total forestry area of 73 hectares, which supports 289 households. Their operational plan includes not only how they manage the forest, but also how they invest the proceeds of any timber sales and share this wealth throughout the community. These activities include infrastructure projects on house construction, water access, solar lighting and road repairs as well as putting aside separate funds for administration, education, training, health, sport, security and even a specific disaster fund.

A sawmill in the Middle Hills which is processing the logs into timber products

While this particular CGFUG is functioning at a very high level, there are opportunities for this project to expand this model out and enhance the silvicultural, regulatory and market opportunities across the whole industry. I’m certainly looking forward to reporting back on our activities and outcomes as the project progresses.

Posted in Partnership, Research, Staff news, Trip, workshop | Tagged , , , ,
Comments Off on New project on improving forestry management in Nepal

Dr. Prossy Isubikalu a John Dillon Fellow of Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) recently visited GFAR. Dr Prossy interacted with the GFAR team and presented on activities of an ACIAR project titled Developing value chain innovation platforms to improve food security in East and Southern Africa which is being led by World Agroforestry […]

Posted in Partnership, Research | Tagged , , ,
Comments Off on How Value Chain Innovation Platforms are helping produce better coffee in Uganda

Sacha Amaruzaman, a PhD Student in the Centre for Global Food and Resources (GFAR)  recently participated in the First Author Meeting of IPBES Methodological Assessment on Multiple Values of Nature, in Mexico City from 12-16 November 2018. Sacha talks about his experience in this blog. The value of nature to people is broad and diverse, […]

Posted in Student experiences, Student's contribution, Trip, workshop | Tagged , , , ,
Comments Off on Values of biodiversity and nature’s benefits to people

Blog prepared by Nikki Dumbrell. Researchers at the Centre for Global Food and Resources (GFAR) are involved in a multidisciplinary research-for-development project improving the profitability and sustainability of smallholder vegetable farms in the north-west (NW) of Vietnam. Some of the results and impacts from the project have been captured in a short film. For additional […]

Posted in Media release, Partnership, Research | Tagged , , , , , , , , ,
Comments Off on Vietnam vegetables project impact captured in short film

Blog post prepared by Livia Padilha Recently I participated in the 4th ‘Food and Place, Food and Displace’ Symposium, which was held at Flinders University, Victoria Square. This event was hosted by the Australian Food. Society and Culture Network and its aim was “to present and discuss research on the relationships between eating, drinking, place […]

Posted in Student experiences, Student's contribution, workshop | Tagged ,
Comments Off on Inside the 4th Food and Place, Food and Displace Symposium

High degree research students through the University of Adelaide’s Central Career Services get access to unique programs. One such program is the ‘Brand Ambassador Program’ where students are selected from the university to participate in the program, link with, network and learn about various businesses in South Australia. GFAR PhD student Livia Padilha was recently selected […]

Posted in Student experiences, Student's contribution
Comments Off on A wonderful day at a SA business – Barristers Block Premium Wines

Blog post prepared by Sitti Rahma Ma’Mun I have been asking myself for quite some time, “what will happen to my research after I finish my PhD?” I may publish articles out of it but then what? Can it inform policy discussion in the sector that I am working in? Can it bring change to […]

Posted in Student experiences, Student's contribution, workshop | Tagged , , ,
Comments Off on Research Investment in Republic of Indonesia (RIRI) – What can Indonesia learn from Australia when it comes to research

China has become a major production and consumption country of mangoes in recent years, which provides opportunities as well as challenges to smallholder mango growers in the Asia-Pacific region. In order to identify key trends in the Chinese market and enable increased trading opportunities, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) has funded a project that […]

Posted in Research, Staff news, Trip, workshop | Tagged , , , ,
Comments Off on Understanding the preferences of mango consumers in China